English Civil War Causes and Events 1625 – 1649

This timeline details the main causes and events of the seventeenth century conflict known as the English Civil War or the English Revolution 1625 – 1649 See also: King Charles I  Oliver Cromwell Background Causes of the English Civil War 1625 (13th June) King Charles I married Henrietta Maria, the daughter of Henry IV of … Read more

King Henry VIII of England, Wales and Ireland 1491 – 1547

Born – 28th June 1491 Died – 28th January 1547 Father – King Henry VII (1457 – 1509) Mother – Elizabeth of York (1466 – 1503) Spouses – m. 1509 – Catherine of Aragon (1485 – 1536), m. 1533 – Anne Boleyn (1501 – 1536), m. 1536 – Jane Seymour (1507 – 1537), m. 1540 … Read more

Princess Alice of Greece 1885 – 1969

Born – 25th February 1885 Died – 5th December 1969 Father – Prince Louis of Battenberg (1854 – 1921) Mother – Princess Victoria of Hesse (1863 – 1950) Spouse – m. 1903 – Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (1882 – 1944) Children – Margarita (1905 – 1981), Theodora (1906 – 1969), Cecilie (1911 – … Read more

Battle Abbey 1066 – Present

This timeline is a chronology of Battle Abbey in East Sussex, UK. William of Normandy ordered the abbey to be built on the site of the Battle of Hastings The completed abbey consisted of the Dorter (sleeping area), Reredorter (toilet area), Gatehouse (entrance), Cloister (covered walkway), Refectory (eating area and kitchens) and Abbey church. 1066 … Read more

Giovanni de Medici, Pope Leo X 1475 – 1521

Born – 11th December 1475 Died – 1st December 1521 Father – Lorenzo de Medici (1449 – 1492) Mother – Clarice Orsini (1450 – 1488) Spouse – Not Married Children – No children Bishop of Rome – Pope Leo X – 1513 – 1521 Preceded by – Pope Julius II – 1503 – 1513 Succeeded … Read more

Pilgrimage of Grace 1536 – 1537

This timeline is a chronology of the main events of the protest against religious changes and the closure of the monasteries known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. Background 1534 (Summer) The small order of Friars Observant in London was closed and their seven houses acquired by the crown. Father Forrest from the Greenwich Friars Observant was … Read more

Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1489 – 1556

Born – 2nd July 1489 Died – 21st March 1556 (executed) Father – Thomas Cranmer (d. 1501) Mother – Agnes Hatfield  Spouses – m. 1515 – Joan (d.1516), m. 1532 – Margarete Hetzel (d. 1571) Children – Margaret (b. 1536), Thomas (b. 1538) Archbishop of Canterbury – 1533 – 1555 Preceded by – William Warham … Read more

John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469 – 1535

Born – 1469 Died – 22nd June 1535 (executed) Father – Robert Fisher (d. 1477) Mother – Agnes Fisher Spouse – None Children – None Bishop of Rochester – 1504 – 1535 1469 (during) John Fisher was born the son of Robert Fisher and his wife Agnes in Beverley, Yorkshire. His father was a merchant. … Read more

Tudor Executions 1485 – 1603

It is estimated that around 85,000 people were executed during the reigns of the Tudor Monarchs. This timeline details the most notable Tudor executions. See also: The Tudor Period 1485 – 1603 Tudor executions during the reign of King Henry VII 1485 – 1509 1485 (25th August) William Catesby aged about 35 years William Catesby … Read more

Martin Luther 1483 – 1546

Born – 10th November 1483 Died – 18th February 1546 Father – Hans Luther Mother – Margarethe Lindemann Spouse – m. 1525 – Katharina von Bora (1499 – 1552) Children – Hans (b. 1526), Elisabeth (1527 – 1528), Magdalena (1529 – 1542), Martin (b. 1531) , Paul (1533 – 1593), Margarethe  (b. 1534) Known to … Read more

Thomas Cromwell 1485 – 1540

Born – 1485 Died – 28th July 1540 (executed) Father – Walter Cromwell  Mother – Katherine Maverell Spouse – m c1515 – Elizabeth Wyckes (d. 1529) Children – by Elizabeth – Gregory (1520 – 1551), Anne (1522 – 1529), Grace (1523 – 1529), illegitimate – Jane (b. 1535) 1485 (around) Thomas Cromwell was born to … Read more

Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473 – 1530

Born – c. 1484 Died – 29th November 1530 Father – Robert Wolsey Mother – Joan Daundy Spouse – Joan Larke Children – Thomas Wynter, Dorothy Known to History – Chancellor of England 1515 – 1529 1473 (March) Thomas Wolsey was born to Robert Wolsey and Joan Daundy at Ipswich, Suffolk. Robert Wolsey was a butcher. … Read more

The Jacobite Movement 1668 – 1788

This timeline details the main events of The Jacobite Movement – the cause of the supporters of the Catholic heirs of King James II from 1668 to 1788 to reclaim the British throne following the Glorious Revolution 1668 (around) Prince James, brother to Charles II and heir to the throne, converted to Catholicism. His conversion … Read more

Pilgrim Fathers 1607 – 1621

This timeline details the main events of the Pilgrim Fathers from their departure from England to the Netherlands in 1607 to the celebration of the first harvest in 1621. 1607 (during) Members of William Bradford’s congregation in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, began to be persecuted for their Separatist belief. They attempted to leave England for the Netherlands … Read more

The Stuarts 1603 – 1714

This timeline details the main events of the Stuarts accession of James I, VI of Scotland to the death of Queen Anne in 1714. 1603 (24th March) The period of the Stuarts began when James VI of Scotland became King James I of England, Ireland and Wales after Elizabeth I died. James was the son … Read more

King James II of England, Wales, Ireland, VII of Scotland 1633 – 1701

Father – King Charles I of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
Mother – Henrietta Maria of France
Spouse – Anne Hyde, Mary of Modena
Children – Charles, Mary, James, Anne, Charles, Edgar, Henrietta, Catherine, Catherine, Isabella, Charles, Elizabeth, Charlotte, James
King of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland 1685 – 1688
Predecessor – King Charles II – 1660 – 1685
Successor – William III – 1688 – 1702 and Mary II – 1688 – 1694

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Isabella of Castile 1451 – 1504

Born – 22nd April 1451 Died – 26th November 1504 Father – King Juan II of Castile (1405 – 1454) Mother – Isabella of Portugal (1428 – 1496) Spouse – Ferdinand of Aragon (1452 – 1516) Children – Isabella (1470 – 1498), Juan (1470 – 1498), Joanna (1479 – 1555), Maria (1482 – 1517), Catalina … Read more

King Charles I of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland 1600 – 1649

Born – 19th November 1600 Died – 30th January 1649 (executed) Father – King James I of England, VI of Scotland (1566 – 1625) Mother – Anne of Denmark (1574 – 1619) Spouse – Henrietta Maria of France (1609 – 1669) Children – Charles (1629), King Charles II (1630 – 1685), Mary (1631 – 1660), … Read more

King James I of England, Wales and Ireland, VI of Scotland 1566 – 1625

Born – 19th June 1566 Died – 27th March 1625 Father – Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545 – 1567) Mother – Mary Queen of Scots (1542 – 1587) Spouse – m. 1589 – Anne of Denmark (1574 – 1619) Children – Henry (1594 – 1612), Elizabeth (1596 – 1662), Margaret (1598 – 1600), King Charles … Read more

Guildford Dudley 1535 – 1554

Born – c1535 Died – 12th February 1554 Father – John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland (1504 – 1553) Mother – Jane Guildford (1509 – 1555) Spouse – m. 1553 – Lady Jane Grey (1537 – 1554) Children – No children 1535 (around) Guildford Dudley was born to John Dudley and Jane Guildford. He was the … Read more

Queen Mary I of England, Wales and Ireland 1516 – 1558

Born – 18th February 1516 Died – 17th November 1558 Father – King Henry VIII (1491 – 1547) Mother – Catherine of Aragon (1485 – 1536) Spouse – Philip II of Spain (1527 – 1598) Children – No children Queen of England – 1553 – 1558 Preceded by – Lady Jane Grey – 1553 Succeeded … Read more

King Edward VI of England, Wales and Ireland 1537 – 1553

Born – 12th October 1537 Died – 8th August 1553 Royal House – Tudor Father – King Henry VIII 1491 – 1547 Mother – Jane Seymour 1507 – 1537 Spouse – Not Married Children – No children King of England 1547 – 1553 Preceded by – King Henry VIII – 1509 – 1547 Succeeded by … Read more

The Tudors 1485 – 1603

This timeline details the main events that happened during the reign of the Tudors from the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 to the accession of James I in 1603 See also: Tudor Executions 1485 – 1603 22nd August 1485 Henry Tudor defeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was proclaimed King … Read more

Thomas Becket 1119 – 1170

Born – 21st December 1119 Died – 29th December 1170 (murdered) Father – Gilbert Becket Mother – Matilda Spouse – Not married Children – No children Archbishop of Canterbury – 1162 – 1170 1119 (21st December) Thomas Becket was born the son of a Norman knight Gilbert Becket and his wife Matilda in Cheapside, London. … Read more

The Reformation 1517 – 1648

This timeline details the main events of the Reformation and Counter Reformation in Europe 1517 – 1648 1516 (March) Erasmus published new Greek and Latin versions of the New Testament. 1517 (Autumn) Martin Luther was annoyed that a Dominican friar, Johann Tetzel, was preaching that the purchase of an indulgence would forgive sins. 1517 (31st … Read more