King Henry II of France 1519 – 1559

Born – 31st March 1519 Died – 10th July 1559 Father – King Francis I (1494 – 1547) Mother – Claude of Brittany (1499 – 1524) Spouse – m. 1514 – Catherine de Medici (1519 – 1589) Children – King Francis II (1544 – 1560), Elizabeth (1545 – 1568), Claude (1547 – 1575), Louis Duke … Read more King Henry II of France 1519 – 1559

Battle Abbey 1066 – Present

This timeline is a chronology of Battle Abbey in East Sussex, UK. William of Normandy ordered the abbey to be built on the site of the Battle of Hastings The completed abbey consisted of the Dorter (sleeping area), Reredorter (toilet area), Gatehouse (entrance), Cloister (covered walkway), Refectory (eating area and kitchens) and Abbey church. 1066 … Read more Battle Abbey 1066 – Present

Giovanni de Medici, Pope Leo X 1475 – 1521

Born – 11th December 1475 Died – 1st December 1521 Father – Lorenzo de Medici (1449 – 1492) Mother – Clarice Orsini (1450 – 1488) Spouse – Not Married Children – No children Bishop of Rome – Pope Leo X – 1513 – 1521 Preceded by – Pope Julius II – 1503 – 1513 Succeeded … Read more Giovanni de Medici, Pope Leo X 1475 – 1521

Carlo de Medici 1430 – 1492

Born – 1430 Died – 29th May 1492 Father – Cosimo de Medici (1389 – 1464) Mother -Maddalena Spouse – Unmarried Children – None 1430 (around) Carlo de Medici, was born illegitimately to Cosimo de Medici and a slave woman named Maddalena in Florence. It is believed that Carlo’s mother was a Circassian (from the … Read more Carlo de Medici 1430 – 1492

Pilgrimage of Grace 1536 – 1537

This timeline is a chronology of the main events of the protest against religious changes and the closure of the monasteries known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. Background 1534 (Summer) The small order of Friars Observant in London was closed and their seven houses acquired by the crown. Father Forrest from the Greenwich Friars Observant was … Read more Pilgrimage of Grace 1536 – 1537

Tudor Executions 1485 – 1603

It is estimated that around 85,000 people were executed during the reigns of the Tudor Monarchs. This timeline details the most notable Tudor executions. See also: The Tudor Period 1485 – 1603 Tudor executions during the reign of King Henry VII 1485 – 1509 1485 (25th August) William Catesby aged about 35 years William Catesby … Read more Tudor Executions 1485 – 1603

Thomas More 1478 – 1535

Born – 7th February 1478 Died – 6th July 1535 Father – Sir John More (1451 – 1530) Mother – Agnes Graunger (d. 1499) Spouses – m. 1505 – Jane Colt (d. 1499), m. 1511 – Alice Middleton (1474 – 1551) Children – by Jane – Margaret (1505 – 1544), Elizabeth (1506 – 1564), Cicely … Read more Thomas More 1478 – 1535

Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473 – 1530

Born – c. 1484 Died – 29th November 1930 Father – Robert Wolsey Mother – Joan Daundy Spouse – Joan Larke Children – Thomas Wynter, Dorothy Known to History – Chancellor of England 1515 – 1529 1473 (March) Thomas Wolsey was born to Robert Wolsey and Joan Daundy at Ipswich, Suffolk. Robert Wolsey was a butcher. … Read more Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473 – 1530

The Jacobite Movement 1668 – 1788

This timeline details the main events of The Jacobite Movement – the cause of the supporters of the Catholic heirs of King James II from 1668 to 1788 to reclaim the British throne following the Glorious Revolution 1668 (around) Prince James, brother to Charles II and heir to the throne, converted to Catholicism. His conversion … Read more The Jacobite Movement 1668 – 1788

Pilgrim Fathers 1607 – 1621

This timeline details the main events of the Pilgrim Fathers from their departure from England to the Netherlands in 1607 to the celebration of the first harvest in 1621. 1607 (during) Members of William Bradford’s congregation in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, began to be persecuted for their Separatist belief. They attempted to leave England for the Netherlands … Read more Pilgrim Fathers 1607 – 1621

The Stuarts 1603 – 1714

This timeline details the main events of the Stuarts accession of James I, VI of Scotland to the death of Queen Anne in 1714. 1603 (24th March) The period of the Stuarts began when James VI of Scotland became King James I of England, Ireland and Wales after Elizabeth I died. James was the son … Read more The Stuarts 1603 – 1714

King James II of England, Wales, Ireland, VII of Scotland 1633 – 1701

Father – King Charles I of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
Mother – Henrietta Maria of France
Spouse – Anne Hyde, Mary of Modena
Children – Charles, Mary, James, Anne, Charles, Edgar, Henrietta, Catherine, Catherine, Isabella, Charles, Elizabeth, Charlotte, James
King of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland 1685 – 1688
Predecessor – King Charles II – 1660 – 1685
Successor – William III – 1688 – 1702 and Mary II – 1688 – 1694

Read moreKing James II of England, Wales, Ireland, VII of Scotland 1633 – 1701

Isabella of Castile 1451 – 1504

Isabella of Castile

Father – King Juan II of Castile
Mother – Isabella of Portugal
Spouse – Ferdinand of Aragon
Children – Isabella, Juan, Joanna, Maria, Catalina (Catherine of Aragon)
Queen of Spain 1474 – 1504
Ruled jointly with Ferdinand of Aragon 1475 – 1504
Sucessor – Ferdinand of Aragon 1504 – 1516

Read moreIsabella of Castile 1451 – 1504

King Charles I of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland 1600 – 1649

Charles I

Father – King James I of England, VI of Scotland
Mother – Anne of Denmark
Spouse – Henrietta Maria of France
Children – Charles, Charles, Mary, James, Elizabeth, Anne, Catherine, Henry, Henrietta
King of England and Scotland – 1625 – 1649
Predecessor – King James I of England, VI of Scotland – 1625 – 1649
Successor – Interregnum – Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector – 1649 – 1658

Read moreKing Charles I of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland 1600 – 1649

King James I of England, Wales and Ireland, VI of Scotland 1566 – 1625

James I of England, VI of Scotland

Father – Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
Mother – Mary Queen of Scots
Spouse – Anne of Denmark
Children – Henry, Elizabeth, Margaret, Charles, Robert, Mary, Sophia
King of Scotland – 1567 – 1625
Predecessor – Mary Queen of Scots 1542 – 1567
Successor – Charles I
King of England, Ireland and Wales – 1603 – 1625
Predecessor – Elizabeth I 1558 – 1603
Successor – Charles I – 1625 – 1649

Read moreKing James I of England, Wales and Ireland, VI of Scotland 1566 – 1625

Guildford Dudley 1535 – 1554

Born – c1535 Died – 12th February 1554 Father – John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland (1504 – 1553) Mother – Jane Guildford (1509 – 1555) Spouse – m. 1553 – Lady Jane Grey (1537 – 1554) Children – No children 1535 (around) Guildford Dudley was born to John Dudley and Jane Guildford. He was the … Read more Guildford Dudley 1535 – 1554

Queen Mary I of England, Wales and Ireland 1516 – 1558

Born – 18th February 1516 Died – 17th November 1558 Father – King Henry VIII (1491 – 1547) Mother – Catherine of Aragon (1485 – 1536) Spouse – Philip II of Spain (1527 – 1598) Children – No children Queen of England – 1553 – 1558 Preceded by – Lady Jane Grey – 1553 Succeeded … Read more Queen Mary I of England, Wales and Ireland 1516 – 1558

King Edward VI of England, Wales and Ireland 1537 – 1553

Born – 12th October 1537 Died – 8th August 1553 Royal House – Tudor Father – King Henry VIII 1491 – 1547 Mother – Jane Seymour 1507 – 1537 Spouse – Not Married Children – No children King of England 1547 – 1553 Preceded by – King Henry VIII – 1509 – 1547 Succeeded by … Read more King Edward VI of England, Wales and Ireland 1537 – 1553

The Gunpowder Plot 1603 – 1606

This timeline details the history of the Gunpowder Plot 1603 – 1606 1603 (24th March) King James VI of Scotland succeeded to the English throne as King James I after Elizabeth I died. James I was a committed Protestant but his mother was Catholic Mary Queen of Scots who had been executed in 1587. Catholics … Read more The Gunpowder Plot 1603 – 1606

The Tudors 1485 – 1603

This timeline details the main events that happened during the reign of the Tudors from the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 to the accession of James I in 1603 See also: Tudor Executions 1485 – 1603 22nd August 1485 Henry Tudor defeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was proclaimed King … Read more The Tudors 1485 – 1603

The Reformation 1517 – 1648

This timeline details the main events of the Reformation and Counter Reformation in Europe 1517 – 1648 1516 (March) Erasmus published new Greek and Latin versions of the New Testament. 1517 (Autumn) Martin Luther was annoyed that a Dominican friar, Johann Tetzel, was preaching that the purchase of an indulgence would forgive sins. 1517 (31st … Read more The Reformation 1517 – 1648

English Civil War Causes and Events 1625 – 1649

This timeline details the main causes and events of the seventeenth century conflict known as the English Civil War or the English Revolution 1625 – 1649 See also: King Charles I  Oliver Cromwell Background Causes of the English Civil War 1625 (13th June) Charles I married Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry IV of France at … Read more English Civil War Causes and Events 1625 – 1649

King Henry VIII of England, Wales and Ireland 1491 – 1547

Born – 28th June 1491 Died – 28th January 1547 Father – King Henry VII (1457 – 1509) Mother – Elizabeth of York (1466 – 1503) Spouses – m. 1509 – Catherine of Aragon (1485 – 1536), m. 1533 – Anne Boleyn (1501 – 1536), m. 1536 – Jane Seymour (1507 – 1537), m. 1540 … Read more King Henry VIII of England, Wales and Ireland 1491 – 1547