Kings and Queens of England and Britain 827 – Present Day

Kings and Queens of ScotlandThis timeline details all Kings and Queens of England and Britain from 827 to present day

From 1327 England and Wales have shared Kings and Queens

From 1603 England, Wales and Scotland have shared Kings and Queens 

The Kings and Queens of England also ruled Ireland from 1254 to 1936 when the Republic of Ireland broke from the monarchy, Northern Ireland, as part of the United Kingdom retained the monarchy.

See also Royal Consorts of England and Britain 940 – Present Day
Kings and Queens of Scotland 843 – Present Day

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Margaret Douglas 1515 – 1578

Born – 8th October 1515 Died – 7th March 1578 Father – Archibald Douglas  (c. 1489 – 1577) Mother – Margaret Tudor (1489 – 1541) Spouse – m. 1544 – Matthew Stuart (1516 – 1571) Children – Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545 – 1567); Charles Stuart, Earl of Lennox (1557 – 1576) Known to History … Read more

King James V of Scotland 1512 – 1542

Born – 10th April 1512 Died – 14th December 1542 Father – King James IV (1473 – 1513) Mother – Margaret Tudor (1489 – 1541) Spouses – m. 1537 – Madeleine of France (1520 – 1537), m. 1538 – Mary of Guise (1515 – 1560) Children – by Mary of Guise – James (1540 – … Read more

The Jacobite Movement 1668 – 1788

This timeline details the main events of The Jacobite Movement – the cause of the supporters of the Catholic heirs of King James II from 1668 to 1788 to reclaim the British throne following the Glorious Revolution 1668 (around) Prince James, brother to Charles II and heir to the throne, converted to Catholicism. His conversion … Read more

Pilgrim Fathers 1607 – 1621

This timeline details the main events of the Pilgrim Fathers from their departure from England to the Netherlands in 1607 to the celebration of the first harvest in 1621. 1607 (during) Members of William Bradford’s congregation in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, began to be persecuted for their Separatist belief. They attempted to leave England for the Netherlands … Read more

The Stuarts 1603 – 1714

This timeline details the main events of the Stuarts accession of James I, VI of Scotland to the death of Queen Anne in 1714. 1603 (24th March) The period of the Stuarts began when James VI of Scotland became King James I of England, Ireland and Wales after Elizabeth I died. James was the son … Read more

Queen Anne of Great Britain 1665 – 1714

Born – 6th February 1665 Died – 1st August 1714 Father – King James II of England, VII of Scotland (1633 – 1701) Mother – Anne Hyde (1637 – 1671) Spouse – m. 1683 – Prince George of Denmark (1653 – 1708) Children – Mary (1685 – 1687), Anne Sophia (1686 – 1687), William (1689 … Read more

King William III of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales 1650 – 1702

King William III

Father – William II Prince of Orange
Mother – Mary, daughter of Charles I
Spouse – Mary II
Children – None
King of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland 1688 – 1702
Predecessor – James II – 1685 – 1688
Successor – Anne – 1702 – 1714

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Queen Mary II of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales 1662 – 1694

Mary II Queen

Father – King James II of England, VII of Scotland
Mother – Anne Hyde
Spouse – William III
Children – None
Queen of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland 1688 – 1694
Predecessor – James II – 1685 – 1688
Successor – William III – 1694 – 1702

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The Great Fire of London 1666

This timeline is a chronology of the Great Fire of London September 1666 Please note that some times given are approximations determined by the sequence of events for that day as noted in relevant sources. See also: The Great Plague 1665 1559 (during) Daniel Baker had warned that London would be destroyed by ‘a consuming … Read more

King James II of England, Wales, Ireland, VII of Scotland 1633 – 1701

Father – King Charles I of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
Mother – Henrietta Maria of France
Spouse – Anne Hyde, Mary of Modena
Children – Charles, Mary, James, Anne, Charles, Edgar, Henrietta, Catherine, Catherine, Isabella, Charles, Elizabeth, Charlotte, James
King of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland 1685 – 1688
Predecessor – King Charles II – 1660 – 1685
Successor – William III – 1688 – 1702 and Mary II – 1688 – 1694

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Catherine of Braganza 1638 – 1705

Born – 25th November 1638 Died – 31st December 1705 Father – King John IV of Portugal (1604 – 1656) Mother – Luisa de Guzman (1613 – 1666) Spouse – King Charles II (1630 – 1685) Children – None Queen Consort of Great Britain 1662 – 1685 Preceded by – Henrietta Maria – 1625 – … Read more

King Charles II of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland 1630 – 1685

King Charles II

Father – King Charles I of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
Mother – Henrietta Maria of France
Spouse – Catherine of Braganza
Children – No legitimate, 14 illegitimate children
King of Scotland 1649 – 1685, King of England, Wales and Ireland 1660 – 1685
Predecessor – Interregnum – Richard Cromwell Lord Protector – 1658 – 1660
Successor – James II – 1685 – 1688

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Richard Cromwell 1626 – 1712

Born – 4th October 1626 Died – 12th July 1712 Father – Oliver Cromwell (1599 – 1658) Mother – Elizabeth Bourchier (1598 – 1665) Spouse – m. 1649 – Dorothy Maijor (c1620 – 1675) Children – Elizabeth (1650 – 1731), Anne (1651 – 1652), Mary (1654), Oliver (1656 – 1705), Dorothy (1657 – 1658), Anna … Read more

Oliver Cromwell 1599 – 1658

Oliver Cromwell

Father – Robert Cromwell
Mother – Elizabeth Steward
Spouse – Elizabeth Bourchier
Children – Robert, Oliver, Bridget, Richard, Henry, Elizabeth, James, Mary, Frances
Lord Protector of England and Scotland – 1649 – 1658
Predecessor – King Charles I – 1625 – 1649
Successor – Interregnum – Richard Cromwell Lord Protector – 1658 – 1660

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Mary Queen of Scots 1542 – 1587

Born – 8th December 1542 Died – Executed 8th February 1587 Father – King James V of Scotland (1512 – 1542) Mother – Mary of Guise (1515 – 1560) Spouses – m. 1558 – Francis II of France (1544 – 1560), m. 1565 – Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545 – 1567), m. 1567 – James … Read more

Margaret Tudor 1489 – 1541

Born – 28th November 1489 Died – 18th October 1541 Father – King Henry VII (1457 – 1509) Mother – Elizabeth of York (1466 – 1503) Spouses – m. 1503 – James IV of Scotland (1473 – 1513); m. 1514, div. 1527 – Archibald Douglas (1489 – 1557), m. 1528 – Henry Stewart (1495 – … Read more

East India Company 1600 – 1873

This timeline details the activities of the East India Company from its beginnings in 1600 to its dissolution in 1873 1600 (31st December) The Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies was founded by a Royal Charter signed by Elizabeth I. The charter gave them a monopoly on trade with any country … Read more

English Civil War Causes and Events 1625 – 1649

This timeline details the main causes and events of the seventeenth century conflict known as the English Civil War or the English Revolution 1625 – 1649 See also: King Charles I  Oliver Cromwell Background Causes of the English Civil War 1625 (13th June) Charles I married Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry IV of France at … Read more