King Stephen of England 1097 – 1154

King StephenFather – Stephen-Henry of Blois
Mother – Adela
Spouse – Matilda of Boulogne
Children – Baldwin, Eustace, Matilda, William, Marie
King of England – 1135 – 1154
Predecessor – Henry I – 1100 – 1135
Successor – Henry II – 1154 – 1189

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King Edward IV of England 1442 – 1483

King Edward IVFather – Richard Duke of York
Mother – Cecily Neville
Spouse – Elizabeth Woodville
Children – Elizabeth, Mary, Cecily, Edward, Margaret, Richard, George, Katherine, Bridget
King of England – 1461 – 1470, 1471 – 1483
Predecessor – Henry VI
Successor – Edward V

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King Francis I of France 1494 – 1547

King Francis I of France

Father – Charles d’Orleans, Count of Angouleme
Mother – Louise of Savoy
Spouses – Claude of Brittany, Eleanor of Austria
Children – By Claude of Brittany – Louise, Charlotte, Francis, Henry, Madeleine, Charles, Margaret
King of France – 1515 – 1547
Preceded by – Louis XII – 1498 – 1515
Succeeded by – Henry II – 1547 – 1559

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The Spanish Armada Causes and Events 1534 – 1588

The Spanish Armada

This timeline details the main causes and events of the Spanish Armada 

Please note: the dates used in this timeline are those that were in use in England in 1588. In Spain the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar occurred in 1582, in England the change did not take place until 1752. The change in calendar meant that the following day jumped forward by 10 days and explains why some sources date the events of the Armada 10 days later than those used here.

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Oliver Cromwell 1599 – 1658

Oliver Cromwell

Father – Robert Cromwell
Mother – Elizabeth Steward
Spouse – Elizabeth Bourchier
Children – Robert, Oliver, Bridget, Richard, Henry, Elizabeth, James, Mary, Frances
Lord Protector of England and Scotland – 1649 – 1658
Predecessor – King Charles I – 1625 – 1649
Successor – Interregnum – Richard Cromwell Lord Protector – 1658 – 1660

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King Charles I of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland 1600 – 1649

Charles I

Father – King James I of England, VI of Scotland
Mother – Anne of Denmark
Spouse – Henrietta Maria of France
Children – Charles, Charles, Mary, James, Elizabeth, Anne, Catherine, Henry, Henrietta
King of England and Scotland – 1625 – 1649
Predecessor – King James I of England, VI of Scotland – 1625 – 1649
Successor – Interregnum – Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector – 1649 – 1658

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The Stuart Period 1603 – 1714

The Stuart Period 1603 - 1714

This timeline details the main events of the Stuart period from the accession of James I, VI of Scotland to the death of Queen Anne in 1714.

Read moreThe Stuart Period 1603 – 1714