Winston Churchill 1874 – 1965

Born – 30th November 1874 Died – 24th January 1965 Father – Lord Randolph Churchill (1849 – 1895) Mother – Jannie Jerome (1854 – 1921) Spouse – m. 1908 – Clementine Hozier (1885 – 1977) Children – Diana (1909 – 1963); Randolph (1911 – 1968); Sarah (1914 – 1982); Marigold (1918 – 1921); Mary (1922 … Read more

September 11th Terror Attacks 2001 (9/11)

This timeline details the events of September 11th 2001 (9/11) which saw four planes hijacked by members of the terrorist Al-Quaeda group. Three were deliberately crashed into the World Trade Center buildings and the Pentagon, while the fourth crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. Around 3,000 people lost their lives in the attacks.  Please note: … Read more

Pearl Harbor, Causes and Main Events 1919 – 1941

This timeline details the main causes and events of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor 1941 Please note: times shown are local times, where applicable Hawaii time has also been given. Causes 1919 (4th May) Paris Peace Conference The Paris Peace Conference held at the end of World War One, had given German rights in … Read more

World War One/ First World War 1914 – 1918

This timeline details the main events of World War One also known as the Great War, WWI and the First World War from 1914 to 1918 see also Causes of World War One World War Two 1914 1914 (28th June) The heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated. … Read more

American War of Independence Causes and Events 1763 – 1784

 This timeline details the main causes and events of the American War of Independence also known as the American Revolutionary War Main Causes 1763 (15th February) Seven Years War The war ended with the British and their allies victorious. 1763 (late February) The British Prime Minister, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, decided that it would … Read more

The Falklands War 1982

 This timeline details the main events of the Falklands War of 1982 Causes 1976 (29th March) General Jorge Rafael Videla became President of Argentina. Videla was head of the military that removed Isabel Martinez Peron, second wife of Juan Peron, from the position. 1981 (during) The Falkland Islanders voted in a referendum to remain a … Read more

King Francis I of France 1494 – 1547

Born – 12th September 1494 Died – 31st March 1547 Father – Charles d’Orleans, Count of Angouleme (1459 – 1496) Mother – Louise of Savoy (1476 – 1531) Spouses – m. 1514 – Claude of Brittany (1499 – 1524); m. 1530 – Eleanor of Austria (1498 – 1558) Children – By Claude of Brittany – … Read more

King George II of Great Britain 1683 – 1760

Born – 30th October 1683 Died – 25th October 1760 Father – King George I (1660 – 1727) Mother – Sophia Dorothea of Celle (1666 – 1726) Spouse – m. 1705 – Caroline of Ansbach (1683 – 1737) Children – Frederick (1707 – 1751), Anne (1709 – 1759), Amelia (1711 – 1786), Caroline (1713 – 1757), … Read more

The Stuarts 1603 – 1714

This timeline details the main events of the Stuarts accession of James I, VI of Scotland to the death of Queen Anne in 1714. 1603 (24th March) The period of the Stuarts began when James VI of Scotland became King James I of England, Ireland and Wales after Elizabeth I died. James was the son … Read more

King James II of England, Wales, Ireland, VII of Scotland 1633 – 1701

Father – King Charles I of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
Mother – Henrietta Maria of France
Spouse – Anne Hyde, Mary of Modena
Children – Charles, Mary, James, Anne, Charles, Edgar, Henrietta, Catherine, Catherine, Isabella, Charles, Elizabeth, Charlotte, James
King of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland 1685 – 1688
Predecessor – King Charles II – 1660 – 1685
Successor – William III – 1688 – 1702 and Mary II – 1688 – 1694

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King Charles II of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland 1630 – 1685

King Charles II

Father – King Charles I of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
Mother – Henrietta Maria of France
Spouse – Catherine of Braganza
Children – No legitimate, 14 illegitimate children
King of Scotland 1649 – 1685, King of England, Wales and Ireland 1660 – 1685
Predecessor – Interregnum – Richard Cromwell Lord Protector – 1658 – 1660
Successor – James II – 1685 – 1688

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Richard Cromwell 1626 – 1712

Born – 4th October 1626 Died – 12th July 1712 Father – Oliver Cromwell (1599 – 1658) Mother – Elizabeth Bourchier (1598 – 1665) Spouse – m. 1649 – Dorothy Maijor (c1620 – 1675) Children – Elizabeth (1650 – 1731), Anne (1651 – 1652), Mary (1654), Oliver (1656 – 1705), Dorothy (1657 – 1658), Anna … Read more

Oliver Cromwell 1599 – 1658

Oliver Cromwell

Father – Robert Cromwell
Mother – Elizabeth Steward
Spouse – Elizabeth Bourchier
Children – Robert, Oliver, Bridget, Richard, Henry, Elizabeth, James, Mary, Frances
Lord Protector of England and Scotland – 1649 – 1658
Predecessor – King Charles I – 1625 – 1649
Successor – Interregnum – Richard Cromwell Lord Protector – 1658 – 1660

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King Charles I of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland 1600 – 1649

Born – 19th November 1600 Died – 30th January 1649 (executed) Father – King James I of England, VI of Scotland (1566 – 1625) Mother – Anne of Denmark (1574 – 1619) Spouse – Henrietta Maria of France (1609 – 1669) Children – Charles (1629), King Charles II (1630 – 1685), Mary (1631 – 1660), … Read more

The Spanish Armada Causes and Events 1534 – 1588

This timeline details the main causes and events of the Spanish Armada  Please note: the dates used in this timeline are those that were in use in England in 1588. In Spain the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar occurred in 1582, in England the change did not take place until 1752. The … Read more

English History 1510 – 1519

This timeline gives a chronological listing of the main events in English history for the years 1510 – 1519 The monarch for this period 1510 – 1519 was Henry VIII 1510 (31st January) Catherine of Aragon was prematurely delivered of a stillborn daughter. Miscarriage and stillbirth were a common occurrence in the sixteenth century and … Read more

International Relations: The Cold War 1945 – 1991

This timeline details the main events of the period known as the Cold War and is linked to the GCSE topic International Relations: The Cold War Era 1945 – 1991 See Also: Leaders of the Soviet Union 1922 – 1991 Presidents of the United States 1789 – Present day 1945 (4th – 11th February) Yalta … Read more

Wars of the Roses Causes and Events 1265 – 1486

This timeline details the main causes and events of the Wars of the Roses including the origins of the red rose of Lancaster and the white rose of York. CAUSES 1265 (August) Edmund, second son of King Henry III, was created 1st Earl of Lancaster. He chose a red rose as his emblem. Although it … Read more

King Edward IV of England 1442 – 1483

King Edward IVFather – Richard Duke of York
Mother – Cecily Neville
Spouse – Elizabeth Woodville
Children – Elizabeth, Mary, Cecily, Edward, Margaret, Richard, George, Katherine, Bridget
King of England – 1461 – 1470, 1471 – 1483
Predecessor – Henry VI
Successor – Edward V

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King Stephen of England 1097 – 1154

Born – 1097 Died – 25th October 1154 Father – Stephen-Henry of Blois (1045 – 1102) Mother – Adela (1067 – 1137) Spouse – Matilda of Boulogne (1105 – 1152) Children – Baldwin (1126 – 1135), Eustace (1130 – 1153), Matilda (d. 1141), William (1135 – 1159), Marie (1136 – 1182) King of England – … Read more