Wars, 1st to 10th Century

Romans at War

This timeline details all wars that happened during the 1st to 10th Centuries

66 BCE to 217 CE
Roman-Parthinian War
Fought between: Roman Republic/Empire against the Parthinian Empire
Location: Anatolia (SE Turkey), Mesopotamia (Iraq), Syria
Result: Stalemate – Rome and Parthia jointly ruled Armenia.
43 to 77 CE
Fought between: Roman Empire against Britain
Location: Britain
Result: The Romans conquered Britain.
58 to 63 CE
Armenian War
Fought between: Roman Republic/Empire against the Parthinian Empire and Kingdom of Armenia
Location: Armenia
Result: Stalemate
c60 to c61 CE
Fought between: Britons led by Boudicca of the Iceni Tribe and the Roman Empire
Location: 
The Iceni were defeated and Boudicca died.
66 to 136 CE
Jewish-Roman War
Fought between: The Roman Empire against Judea and Jewish rebels
Location: Judea (Israel), Egypt, Cyprus, Mesopotamia (Iraq)
Result: Roman victory, Jerusalem occupied, many Jews exiled.
June 68 to December 69 CE
Roman Civil War/Year of the Four Emperors
Fought between: Galba, Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian who each became Emperor
Location: Roman Empire
Result: Vespasian emerged victorious and was Emperor until 79.
86 to 88 CE
Domitian’s Dacian War
Fought between: The Roman Empire against The Dacian Kingdom
Moesia (Serbia), Dacia (Romania)
Result: The Romans drove the Dacians out of Moesia
101 to 102 CE
First Dacian War
Fought between: Roman Empire against Dacian Kingdom
Location: Dacia (Romania)
Result: Rome gained land near the River Danube.
105 to 106 CE
Second Dacian War
Fought between: The Roman Empire against The Dacian Kingdom
Location: Dacia (Romania)
Result: Rome gained land in Dacia.
115 to 117 CE
Kitos War/Second Jewish-Roman War
Fought between: The Roman Empire against Cypriot Jews
Location: Crete, Cyrenaica (northern Libya), Cyprus, Egypt, Judea (Israel), Mesopotamia (Iraq)
Result: Roman victory but little changed
166 to 180 CE
Marcomannic Wars (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Fought between: The Roman Empire against Germanic and Sarmatian Tribes
Location: River Danube (which marked the northern edge of the Empire)
Result: Roman victory, the tribes were forced to accept terms.
235 to 284 CE
Crisis of the Third Century/Military Anarchy/Imperial Crisis
Fought between: The Roman Empire against Roman Military, Visigoths and Vandals
Location: Throughout the Roman Empire
Result: The Roman Empire was in crisis for much of the century as factions warred against each other.
376 to 382
First Gothic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Fought between: The Roman Empire against The Goths
Location: The Balkans
Result: The Goths became nominal subjects of the Roman Empire.
391 to 404
Goguryeo–Yamato War
Fought between: Goguryeo Kingdom against Yamato Japan
Location: Korea
Result: Goguryeo conquered Silla and Baekje.
402 to 403
Second Gothic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Roman Empire against Visigoths
421 to 422
Roman-Sassanid War (Part of the Roman-Persian Wars)
Eastern Roman Empire against Sassanid Empire
484 to 572
Samaritan Revolts
Byzantine Empire against Samaritan Rebels
494 to 534
Basus War
Taghlib Tribe against Bakur Tribe
502 to 506
Anastasian War (Part of the Roman-Persian Wars)
Eastern Roman Empire against Sassanid Empire
526 to 532
Iberian War (Part of the Roman-Persian Wars)
Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
533 to 534
Vandalic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Byzantine Empire against Vandalic Kingdom
535 to 554
Third Gothic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Byzantine Empire against Franks, Ostrogoths
541 to 562
Lazic War/Colchic War
Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
572 to 591
Byzantine–Sassanid War
Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
598 to 614
Goguryeo–Sui War
Goguryeo Kingdom against Sui Dynasty
c.600 to 793
Frisian–Frankish wars
Frankish Empire against Frisian Kingdom
602 to 628
Byzantine–Sassanid War
Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
642 to 652
First Arab–Khazar War
Khazar Khaganate against Umayyad Caliphate
645 to 668
Goguryeo–Tang War
Goguryeo Kingdom against Tang Empire
722 to 737
Second Arab–Khazar War
Khazar Khaganate against Abbasid Caliphate
772 to 851
The Wars of Charlemagne/Saxon Wars
Frankish Empire against Saxons
780 to 1180
Byzantine-Arab Wars
Byzantine Empire against Arabs
839 to 842
Bulgarian-Serbian War
Serbian Kingdom against Bulgarian Empire
854 to 1000
Bulgarian-Croatian War
Croatian Kingdom against Bulgarian Empire
899 to 933
The Magyar Wars
Magyar Kingdom against Lombardy, Germany

 

First published 2015; Updated and Re-published Dec 27 @ 1:15 pm – Updated – Oct 16, 2021 @ 10:32 am

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015 – 2020). Wars, 1st to 10th Century. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/wars-1st-10th-century. Last accessed October 16th, 2021