1st to 10th Century Wars Timeline

Romans at War

A timeline detailing all 1st to 10th Century wars

66 BCE to 217 CE
Roman-Parthinian War
Fought between: Roman Republic/Empire against the Parthinian Empire
Location: Anatolia (SE Turkey), Mesopotamia (Iraq), Syria
Result: Stalemate – Rome and Parthia jointly ruled Armenia.
43 to 77 CE
Fought between: Roman Empire against Britain
Location: Britain
Result: The Romans conquered Britain.
58 to 63 CE
Armenian War
Fought between: Roman Republic/Empire against the Parthinian Empire and Kingdom of Armenia
Cold War Chronology
Location: Armenia
Result: Stalemate
c60 to c61 CE
Fought between: Britons led by Boudicca of the Iceni Tribe and the Roman Empire
Location: England
The Iceni were defeated and Boudicca died.
66 to 136 CE
Jewish-Roman War
Fought between: The Roman Empire against Judea and Jewish rebels
Location: Judea (Israel), Egypt, Cyprus, Mesopotamia (Iraq)
Result: Roman victory, Jerusalem occupied, many Jews exiled.
June 68 to December 69 CE
Roman Civil War/Year of the Four Emperors
Fought between: Galba, Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian who each became Emperor
Location: Roman Empire
Result: Vespasian emerged victorious and was Emperor until 79.
86 to 88 CE
Domitian’s Dacian War
Fought between: The Roman Empire against The Dacian Kingdom
Moesia (Serbia), Dacia (Romania)
Result: The Romans drove the Dacians out of Moesia
101 to 102 CE
First Dacian War
Fought between: Roman Empire against Dacian Kingdom
Location: Dacia (Romania)
Result: Rome gained land near the River Danube.
105 to 106 CE
Second Dacian War
Fought between: The Roman Empire against The Dacian Kingdom
Location: Dacia (Romania)
Result: Rome gained land in Dacia.
115 to 117 CE
Kitos War/Second Jewish-Roman War
Fought between: The Roman Empire against Cypriot Jews
Location: Crete, Cyrenaica (northern Libya), Cyprus, Egypt, Judea (Israel), Mesopotamia (Iraq)
Result: Roman victory but little changed
166 to 180 CE
Marcomannic Wars (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Fought between: The Roman Empire against Germanic and Sarmatian Tribes
Location: River Danube (which marked the northern edge of the Empire)
Result: Roman victory, the tribes were forced to accept terms.
235 to 284 CE
Crisis of the Third Century/Military Anarchy/Imperial Crisis
Fought between: The Roman Empire against Roman Military, Visigoths and Vandals
Location: Throughout the Roman Empire
Result: The Roman Empire was in crisis for much of the century as factions warred against each other.
376 to 382
First Gothic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Fought between: The Roman Empire against The Goths
Location: The Balkans
Result: The Goths became nominal subjects of the Roman Empire.
391 to 404
Goguryeo–Yamato War
Fought between: Goguryeo Kingdom against Yamato Japan
Location: Korea
Result: Goguryeo conquered Silla and Baekje.
402 to 403
Second Gothic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Fought between: Roman Empire against Visigoths
Location: Italy
Result: The Goths were defeated at Verona but the Visigoths received a large subsidy from Rome
421 to 422
Roman-Sassanid War (Part of the Roman-Persian Wars)
Fought between: Eastern Roman Empire against Sassanid Empire (Iran)
Location: Persarmenia (Armenia), Mesopotamia (Iran)
Result: Sassanid Empire agreed to tolerate Christianity and the Roman Empire agreed to tolerate Zoroastrianism.
484 to 572
Samaritan Revolts
Fought between: Byzantine Empire against Samaritan Rebels
Location: Samaria (Israel), Byzantine Empire (Turkey, Eastern Mediterranean)
Result: Samaria remained its status as a part of Palaestina
494 to 534
Basus War
Fought between: Taghlib Tribe against Bakur Tribe
Location: Arabia (Arabian Peninsula)
Result: The conflict between the tribes was resolved
502 to 506
Anastasian War (Part of the Roman-Persian Wars)
Fought between: Eastern Roman Empire against Sassanid Empire
Location: Osroene (Armenia), Upper Mesopotamia (Turkey, Syria), Armenia
Result: Stalemate
526 to 532
Iberian War (Part of the Roman-Persian Wars)
Fought between: Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
Location: South Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan), Upper Mesopotamia (Syria, Turkey)
Result: Persian victory
533 to 534
Vandalic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Fought between: Byzantine Empire against Vandalic Kingdom
Location: Libya, Tunisia, East Algeria, Sardinia
Result: Byzantine victory
535 to 554
Gothic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Fought between: Byzantine Empire against Franks, Ostrogoths
Location: Italy, Dalmatia (Croatia)
Result: Roman victory but short-lived
541 to 562
Lazic War/Colchic War
Fought between: Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
Location: Colchis (Western Georgia)
Result: 50 year peace treaty
572 to 591
Byzantine–Sassanid War
Fought between: Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
Location: Mesopotamia (Iran), Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia), Syria
Result: Byzantine victory
598 to 614
Goguryeo–Sui War
Fought between: Goguryeo Kingdom against Sui Dynasty
Location: North Korean Peninsula. Manchuria 
Result: Goguryeo victory
c.600 to 793
Frisian–Frankish wars
Fought between: Frankish Empire against Frisian Kingdom (Netherlands)
Location: Netherlands, France
Result: The Franks subdued the Frisians
602 to 628
Byzantine–Sassanid War
Fought between: Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
Location: Caucasus (Armenia), Anatolia (Turkey), Egypt, Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel), Balkans, Mesopotamia (Iran)
Result: No real change
642 to 652
First Arab–Khazar War
Fought between: Khazar Khaganate against Umayyad Caliphate
Location: Ciscaucasia (South Russia), Transcaucasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia)
Result: Inconclusive
645 to 668
Goguryeo–Tang War
Fought between: Goguryeo Kingdom (Korea) against Tang Empire
Location: China, Korea
Result: Tang Victory
722 to 737
Second Arab–Khazar War
Fought between: Khazar Khaganate against Abbasid Caliphate
Location: Ciscaucasia (South Russia), Transcaucasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia)
Result: The Caliphate took control of Transcaucasia
772 to 851
The Wars of Charlemagne/Saxon Wars
Fought between: Frankish Empire against Saxons
Location: Saxony (Germany), Polabian Slav territories (Eastern Germany), Frisia (Netherlands), Austrasia (Belgium, Netherlands)
Result: Frankish victory
780 to 1180
Byzantine-Arab Wars
Fought between: Byzantine Empire against Arabs
Location: Levant (Syria), Egypt, North Africa, Anatolia (Turkey), Crete, Sicily, Southern Italy
Result: Arab victory
839 to 842
Bulgarian-Serbian War
Fought between: Serbian Kingdom against Bulgarian Empire
Location: Balkan Peninsula
Result: Serbian victory
854 to 1000
Bulgarian-Croatian War
Fought between: Croatian Kingdom against Bulgarian Empire
Location: Western Balkan Peninsula
Result: Inconclusive
899 to 933
The Magyar Wars
Fought between: Magyar Kingdom against Lombardy, Germany
Location: Saxony, Lombardy (Germany)
Result: Defeat for the Magyars

 

First published 2015; Updated and Re-published Oct 19 @ 8:40 pm – Updated – Feb 3, 2022 @ 10:51 am

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015 – 2021). 1st to 10th Century Wars Timeline. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/wars-1st-10th-century. Last accessed August 5th, 2022