Wars, Ancient 499 BCE to 30 BCE

Greek Wars

This timeline details all the main wars fought in the period BCE known as Ancient History

499 BCE to 449 BCE
Greco-Persian Wars
Fought between: Greek City States against Persian Empire
Location: Greece, Cyprus, Egypt, Aegean
Result: Greek victory
431 BCE to 404 BCE
Peloponnesian War
Fought between: Athens against Sparta
Location: Greece, Sicily, Asia Minor
Result: Peloponnesian victory
395 BCE to 387 BCE
Corinthian War
Fought between: Athens against Sparta
Location: Greece, Aegean Sea
Result: Inconclusive
335 BCE to 323 BCE
Wars of Alexander the Great
Fought between: Macedon against Persian Empire, Greek City States, Ilyria, Thrace
Location: Balkan Region, Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, Holy Lands, Egypt, Turkey, Afghanistan
Result: Alexander’s Empire expanded
280 BCE to 275 BCE
Pyrrhic War
Fought between: Rome, Carthage against Greece
Location: South Italy, Sicily
Result: Roman Victory in Italy, Carthaginian victory in Sicily
264 BCE to 241 BCE
First Punic War
Fought between: Rome against Carthage
Location: North Africa, Italy, Mediterranean
Result: Roman Victory
218 BCE to 201 BCE
Second Punic War/Hannibalic War
Fought between: Rome against Carthage
Location: Western Mediterranean
Result: Roman Victory
205 BCE to 200 BCE
Cretan War
Fought between: Macedon, Aetolian League, Cretan Cities against Rhodes, Byzantium, Athens
Location: Crete, Rhodes, Greece, Aegean Sea
Rhodes alliance victory
191 BCE to 189 BCE
Aetolian War
Fought between: Rome against Aetolian League
Location: Aetolia (north Greece), Greece
Result: Roman victory
149 BCE to 146 BCE
Third Punic War
Fought between: Rome against Carthage
Location: Carthage (Tunisia)
Result: Roman Victory
113 BCE to 101 BCE
Cimbrian War
Fought between: Rome against Germanic Tribes
Location: Europe
Result: Roman victory
88 BCE to 84 BCE
First Mithridatic War
Fought between: Rome against Pontus
Location: Achaea, Greece, Aegean Sea
Result: Roman Victory
83 BCE to 81 BCE
Second Mithridatic War
Fought between: Rome against Pontus
Location: Anatolia (Turkey)
Result: Inconclusive
75 BCE to 63 BCE
Third Mithridatic War
Fought between: Rome against Pontus
Location: Anatolia (Turkey)
Result: Roman victory
66 BCE to 217 CE
Roman-Parthian War
Fought between: Roman Republic/Empire against Parthian Empire
Location: Anatolia (Turkey), Armenia, Syria, Judea, Mesopotamia
Result: Stalemate
58 BCE to 50 BCE
Gallic Wars
Fought between: Roman Empire against Gaul (France, Belgium)
Location: Gaul (France, Belgium)
Result: Roman victory
49 BCE, January to 45 BCE, 17th March
Caesar’s War
Fought between: Julius Caesar against Pompey Magnus
Location: Italy, Greece
Result: Victory for Julius Caesar
44 BCE to 36 BCE
Roman Civil War/Sicilian revolt
Fought between: Marc Antony and Octavian against Sextus Pompey
Location: Sicily
Result: Victory for Marc Antony and Octavian
41 BCE to 40 BCE
Perusine War/Fulvia’s Civil War
Fought between: Roman Republic under Octavian against Fulvia, Lucius Antonius
Location: Rome, Perusia
Result: Octavian victory
40 BCE to 33 BCE
Antony’s Parthian War
Fought between: Roman Republic against Parthian Empire
Location: Atropatene (Iran)
Result: Parthian victory
32 BCE to 30 BCE
Antony’s Civil War
Fought between: Mark Antony and Cleopatra against Octavian
Location: Greece, Egypt
Result: Octavian victory

 

 

First published 2015; updated and republished Jan 31 2022 @ 9:13 pm – Updated – Jan 31, 2022 @ 9:36 pm

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015 – 2022). Wars, Ancient 499 BCE to 30 BCE. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/wars-ancient. Last accessed August 5th, 2022

 

Ancient Rome and Trade