World War One 1914 – 1918

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World War One

 

This timeline details the main events of World War One also known as the Great War and the First World War from 1914 to 1918

see also Causes of World War One

1914
1914 (28th June)
The heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated. The couple were on a visit to the Bosnian capital Sarajevo when they were shot and killed by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand Serbian terrorist group.
1914 (after 28th June)
The Austrian government laid the blame for the assassination on Serbia but refrained from declaring war because Serbia was allied to Russia.
1914 (5th July)
Kaiser Wilhelm agreed German support for Austria against Serbia
1914 (23rd July)
The Austrian government issued an ultimatum to Serbia.
1914 (25th July)
Serbia rejected Austria’s ultimatum.
1914 (28th July)
Austria declared war on Serbia
1914 (30th July)
Russia mobilised its army.
1914 (31st July)
Germany issued an ultimatum to Russia to request a halt to mobilisation and an ultimatum to France requesting neutrality in the event of a German-Russian war.
1914 (1st August)
Having no reply to their ultimatum, Germany declared war on Russia and mobilised its army.
1914 (1st August)
France rejected the German ultimatum and mobilised its army.
1914 (2nd August)
Germany invaded Luxembourg. A request to allow German troops to pass through Belgium was denied.
1914 (3rd August)
Germany declared war on Russia’s ally, France and invaded Belgium following the plan for attacking France outlined by General Schlieffen in 1905.
1914 (4th August)
Britain issued an ultimatum to Germany to remove its troops from Belgium by midnight. Germany did not comply and Britain declared war on Germany for violating Belgian neutrality
1914 (5th August – 16th August)
Battle of Liege
This battle, fought in Belgium, was a victory for the Belgians holding back the German advance for 4 – 5 days
1914 (6th August)
Austria declared war on Russia.
1914 (12th August)
Britain and France declared war on Austria.
1914 (13th August)
Japan, allied to Britain, declared war on Germany
1914 (14th August)
Battle of Mons
This battle fought on the Western Front was a victory for Germany
1914 (30th August)
Battle of Tannenberg
This battle fought on the Eastern Front was a victory for Germany
1914 (5th – 12th September)
First Battle of Marne
Fought on the Western Front, this battle was a victory for the Allies
1914 (7th – 14th September)
First Battle of the Masurian Lakes
Fought on the Eastern Front, this battke was a victory for Germany
1914 (12th – 15th September)
First Battle of the Aisne
This battke fought on the Western Front, was indecisive
1914 (25th – 29th September)
Battle of Albert
This battke fought on the Western Front, was indecisive
1914 (12th October – 2nd November)
First Battle of Messines This battle fought on the Western Front was inconclusive
1914 (19th October – 22nd November)
First Battle of Ypres
fought on the Western Front, this battle was a victory for the Allies
1914 (29th October)
Turkey formed an alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary
1914 (2nd November)
Russia declared war on Turkey
1914 (5th November)
Britain and France declared war on Turkey
1914 (Late)
On the Western Front the war had reached stalemate and both sides dug themselves into trenches for protection
1914 (17th December – 13th January 1915)
First Battle of Artois
This battle, fought on the Western Front, ended in stalemate
1915
1915 (January)
The first Zeppelin raid on Britain
1915 (February)
German Zeppelins dropped bombs on Yarmouth in Britain
1915 (February)
The British agreed to send troops to the Dardenelles to help Russia. The Gallipoli offensive was planned to divert Turkish troops from attacking Russia
1915 (10th March – 13th March)
Battle of Neuve Chapelle
Fought on the Western Front, this battle was a victory for the British
1915 (April)
The first allied troops landed at Gallipoli
1915 (April)
German Zeppelins began bombing London
1915 (22nd April – 15th May)
Second Battle of Ypres This battle fought on the Western Front was notorious for seeing the first use of poison gas by Germany. It ended in stalemate
1915 (26th April)
Italy changed sides and joined the allies
1915 (7th May)
The passenger liner Lusitania was sunk by a German torpedo
1915 (9th May – 18th June)
Second Battle of Artois
Fought on the Western Front, this battle was a victory for Germany
1915 (23rd May)
Italy declared war on Germany
1915 (23rd June – 7th July)
First Battle of Isonzo
This battle fought on the Italian Front, was a victory for Austria-Hungary
1915 (18th July – 3rd August)
Second Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front, this battle halted the Italian advance
1915 (25th September – 4th November)
Battle of Artois-Loos
This battle fought on the Western Front was a victory for Germany
1915 (18th October – 3rd November)
Third Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front, this battle was a victory for Austria-Hungary
1915 (10th November – 2nd December)
Fourth Battle of Isonzo
This battle fought on the Italian Front was a victory for Austria-Hungary
1915 (December)
The Gallipoli offensive ended in failure
1916
1916 (21st February – 18th December)
Battle of Verdun
This battle, fought on the Western Front and the longest battle of the war, was a victory for the French
1916 (9th March – 17th March)
Fifth Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front, this battle was a victory for Austria-Hungary
1916 (31st May)
Battle of Jutland
This was the only major naval battle of World War One and was inconclusive
1916 (4th June – 10th August)
Brusilov Offensive
Fought on the Eastern Front, this battle ended with a Russian victory
1916 (1st July – 18th November)
Battle of the Somme
This battle, fought on the Western Front with heavy losses was inconclusive.
1916 (6th August – 17th August)
Sixth Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front, this battle was an Italian victory
1916 (14th September- 18th September)
Seventh Battle of Isonzo
This battle, fought on the Italian Front, halted an Italian advance
1916 (15th September)
The British used a new weapon, the tank, at the Battle of the Somme
1916 (10th October – 12th October)
Eighth Battle of Isonzo
This battle, fought on the Italian Front halted an Italian advance
1916 (1st November – 4th November)
Ninth Battle of Isonzo Fought on the Italian Front, this battle halted an Italian advance
1916 (28th November)
The first German aeroplane raid on Britain
1917
1917 (February)
Germany began an unrestricted submarine campaign in the Atlantic Ocean
1917 (26th March)
First Battle of Gaza, This battle, fought in Palestine, was a victory for the Turks
1917 (6th April)
The United states declared war on Germany
1917 (9th April – 16th May)
Second Battle of Arras
This battle, fought on the Western Front, was indecisive
1917 (16th April – 9th May)
Second Battle of the Aisne, Fought on the Western Front, this battle resulted in a victory for Germany
1917 (17th April – 19th April)
Second Battle of Gaza
Fought in Palestine, this battle was a victory for the Turks
1917 (10th May – 18th June)
Tenth Battle of Isonzo
This battle fought on the Italian Front, resulted in a small Italian advance
1917 (7th June – 14th June)
Second Battle of Messines
fought on the Western Front was a victory for the Allies
1917 (July – November)
Battle of Passchendaele This battle, fought on the Western Front, was a victory for Germany
1917 (10th August – 12th September)
Eleventh Battle of Isonzo
fought on the Italian Front resulted in a small Italian advance
1917 (24th October – 19th November)
Battle of Caporetto (12th Battle of Isonzo)
This battle, fought on the Italian Front, was a victory for the Central Powers
1917 (1st November – 2nd November)
Third Battle of Gaza
Fought in Palestine, this battle was a victory for the Allies
1917 (20th November – 7th November)
Battle of Cambrai
This battle fought on the Western Front, resulted in gains for both sides but no overall victory
1917 (7th December)
The United States declared war on Austria-Hungary
1918
1918 (3rd March)
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
This treaty ended hostilities between Germany and Russia and took Russia out of the war.
1918 (April)
The British Royal Air Force was formed
1918 (7th April – 29th April)
Battle of the Lys
This battle, fought on the Western Front, was a victory for Germany
1918 (27th May – 6th June)
Third Battle of the Aisne
This battle, fought on the Western Front, halted a German advance
1918 (4th July)
Battle of Le Hamel
This battle, fought on the Western Front, was a victory for the Allies
1918 (15th July – 6th August)
Second Battle of Marne
Fought on the Western Front, this battle was a victory for the Allies
1918 (8th August – 11th August)
Battle of Amiens
Fought on the Western Front, this battle was a victory for the Allies
1918 (21st August – 23rd August)
Battle of Albert This battle fought on the Western Front was a prequel for the Second Battle of the Somme
1918 (26th August – 3rd September)
Second Battle of the Somme
This battle, fought on the Western Front, was a victory for the Allies
1918 (12th September – 15th September)
Battle of St Mihiel
Fought on the Western Front, this battle was a victory for the Allies
1918 (26th September – 11th November)
Battle of Meuse-Argonne
This battle, fought on the Western Front, was a victory for the Allies
1918 (27th September – 1st October)
Battle of Canal du Nord
This battle, fought on the Western Front, was a victory for the Allies
1918 (28th September)
Germany’s ally, Bulgaria, surrendered.
1918 (8th October – 10th October)
Battle of Cambrai
This battle, fought on the Western Front, was a victory for the Allies
1918 (24th October – 3rd November)
Battle of Vittorio Veneto
Fought on the Italian Front, this battle was a victory for the Italians
1918 (30th October)
Germany’s ally, Turkey, signed an armistice.
1918 (3rd November)
Germany’s ally, Austria-Hungary, signed an armistice.
1918 (9th November)
Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated the German throne
1918 (11th November)
An armistice was signed that ended the war

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). World War One 1914 – 1918 Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/world-war-one-1914-1918 Last accessed March 17th, 2019

 

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