World War One 1914 – 1918

World War One

This timeline details the main events of World War One also known as the Great War, WWI and the First World War from 1914 to 1918

see also Causes of World War One

1914
1914 (28th June)
The heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated. The couple were on a visit to the Bosnian capital Sarajevo when they were shot and killed by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand Serbian terrorist group.
1914 (after 28th June)
The Austrian government laid the blame for the assassination on Serbia but refrained from declaring war because Serbia was allied to Russia.
1914 (5th July)
Kaiser Wilhelm agreed German support for Austria against Serbia.
1914 (23rd July)
The Austrian government issued an ultimatum to Serbia which included 10 demands.
1914 (25th July)
Serbia rejected Austria’s ultimatum and mobilised its troops.
1914 (28th July)
Austria declared war on Serbia.
1914 (30th July)
Russia mobilised its army.
1914 (31st July)
Germany issued an ultimatum to Russia to request a halt to mobilisation and an ultimatum to France requesting neutrality in the event of a German-Russian war.
1914 (1st August)
Having received no reply to their ultimatum, Germany declared war on Russia and mobilised its army.
1914 (1st August)
France rejected the German ultimatum and mobilised its army.
1914 (2nd August)
German troops marched into Luxembourg.
1914 (3rd August)
Germany declared war on Russia’s ally, France. After Belgium refused a request to allow German troops to pass through the country, the Germans invaded Belgium following the plan for attacking France outlined by General Schlieffen in 1905.
1914 (4th August)
Britain issued an ultimatum to Germany to remove its troops from Belgium by midnight. Germany did not comply and Britain declared war on Germany for violating Belgian neutrality.
1914 (5th August – 16th August)
Battle of Liege
This battle fought in Belgium between Belgian and German troops, was a victory for the Belgians who held back the German advance for 4 – 5 days.
1914 (6th August)
Austria declared war on Russia.
1914 (12th August)
Britain and France declared war on Austria.
1914 (13th August)
Japan, allied to Britain, declared war on Germany.
1914 (14th August)
Battle of Mons
This battle, fought between German troops and the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front, was a victory for Germany.
1914 (30th August)
Battle of Tannenberg
This major World War One battle fought between Germany and Russia on the Eastern Front was a victory for Germany.
1914 (5th – 12th September)
First Battle of the Marne
Fought on the Western Front between an allied French and British force against Germany, this battle was a victory for the Allies.
1914 (7th – 14th September)
First Battle of the Masurian Lakes
Fought on the Eastern Front between Germany and Russia, this battle was a victory for Germany.
1914 (12th – 15th September)
First Battle of the Aisne
This battle fought on the Western Front between an allied French and British force against Germany, was indecisive.
1914 (25th – 29th September)
Battle of Albert
This battle fought on the Western Front between French and German troops, was indecisive.
1914 (12th October – 2nd November)
First Battle of Messines
This battle fought on the Western Front between British and German troops was inconclusive.
1914 (19th October – 22nd November)
First Battle of Ypres
Fought on the Western Front between an allied British, French and Belgian force against Germany, this battle was a victory for the Allies.
1914 (29th October)
Turkey formed an alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary.
1914 (2nd November)
Russia declared war on Turkey.
1914 (5th November)
Britain and France declared war on Turkey.
1914 (Late)
On the Western Front the war had reached stalemate and both sides dug themselves into trenches for protection.
1914 (17th December – 13th January 1915)
First Battle of Artois
This battle, fought on the Western Front between French and British troops against Germany, ended in stalemate.
1915
1915 (January)
The first Zeppelin raid was made on Britain.
1915 (February)
German Zeppelins dropped bombs on Yarmouth in Britain.
1915 (February)
Gallipoli Offensive
The British agreed to send British Empire troops to the Dardenelles to help Russia. This offensive was planned to divert Turkish troops from attacking Russia.
1915 (10th March – 13th March)
Battle of Neuve Chapelle
Fought on the Western Front between British and British Raj troops against Germany, this battle was a victory for the British.
1915 (22nd April – 15th May)
Second Battle of Ypres
This battle was fought on the Western Front between British, Canadian, Indian, French, Algerian, Moroccan and Belgian troops against Germany. It was notorious for seeing the first use of poison gas by Germany and ended in stalemate.
1915 (25th April)
The first troops from Australia and New Zealand landed at Anzac, Gallipoli.
1915 (26th April)
Italy changed sides and joined the Allies.
1915 (7th May)
The passenger liner Lusitania was sunk by a German torpedo. The act caused an international outcry.
1915 (9th May – 18th June)
Second Battle of Artois
Fought on the Western Front between French, British, Canadian and Indian troops against Germany, this battle was inconclusive.
1915 (23rd May)
Italy declared war on Germany.
1915 (31st May)
German Zeppelins began bombing London.
1915 (23rd June – 7th July)
First Battle of Isonzo
This battle fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, was a victory for the Austro-Hungarians.
1915 (18th July – 3rd August)
Second Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, this battle halted the Italian advance.
1915 (25th September – 4th November)
Battle of Artois-Loos
This battle fought on the Western Front between French and British troops against Germany, was a victory for Germany.
1915 (18th October – 3rd November)
Third Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, this battle was a victory for Austria-Hungary.
1915 (10th November – 2nd December)
Fourth Battle of Isonzo
This battle fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, was a victory for Austria-Hungary
1915 (December)
The Gallipoli offensive ended in failure.
1916
1916 (21st February – 18th December)
Battle of Verdun
This battle, fought on the Western Front between French and German troops, was the longest battle of the war. It ended in victory for the French.
1916 (9th March – 17th March)
Fifth Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, this battle was a victory for Austria-Hungary.
1916 (31st May)
Battle of Jutland
This was the only major naval battle of World War One. Fought between Britain and Germany, it was inconclusive.
1916 (4th June – 10th August)
Brusilov Offensive
Fought on the Eastern Front between the forces of Russia against a combined German, Austro-Hungarian and Turkish force, this battle ended with a Russian victory.
1916 (1st July – 18th November)
Battle of the Somme
This battle, fought on the Western Front between forces of the British Empire and France against Germany was inconclusive.
1916 (6th August – 17th August)
Sixth Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, this battle was an Italian victory.
1916 (14th September- 18th September)
Seventh Battle of Isonzo
This battle, fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, was a tactical victory for the Italians.
1916 (15th September)
The British used a new weapon, the tank, at the Battle of the Somme.
1916 (10th October – 12th October)
Eighth Battle of Isonzo
This battle, fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops was inconclusive.
1916 (1st November – 4th November)
Ninth Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, this battle was inconclusive.
1916 (28th November)
The first German aeroplane raid on Britain.
1917
1917 (February)
Germany began an unrestricted submarine campaign in the Atlantic Ocean.
1917 (26th March)
First Battle of Gaza
This battle, fought in Palestine between a British Empire force of British, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand forces against a Turkish force, was a victory for the Turks.
1917 (6th April)
Prompted by the German declaration of unrestricted torpedoing of ships in the Atlantic, the United states declared war on Germany.
1917 (9th April – 16th May)
Second Battle of Arras
This battle, fought on the Western Front between troops of the British Empire against Germany, was indecisive.
1917 (16th April – 9th May)
Second Battle of the Aisne
Fought on the Western Front between French and German troops, this battle resulted in a victory for Germany.
1917 (17th April – 19th April)
Second Battle of Gaza
Fought in Palestine between British Empire and Turkish troops, this battle was a victory for the Turks.
1917 (10th May – 18th June)
Tenth Battle of Isonzo
This battle fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, resulted in a small Italian advance.
1917 (7th June – 14th June)
Second Battle of Messines
Fought on the Western Front between British Empire forces from Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand against Germany, this battle was a victory for the Allies.
1917 (July – November)
Battle of Passchendaele
This battle, fought on the Western Front between British Empire, French and Belgian forces against Germany, was a victory for the Germans.
1917 (10th August – 12th September)
Eleventh Battle of Isonzo
Fought on the Italian Front between Italian troops and Austro-Hungarian troops, this battle resulted in a small Italian advance.
1917 (24th October – 19th November)
Battle of Caporetto (12th Battle of Isonzo)
This battle, fought on the Italian Front, was a victory for the Central Powers
1917 (1st November – 2nd November)
Third Battle of Gaza
Fought in Palestine between forces of the British Empire and Turkish forces, this battle was a victory for the Allies.
1917 (20th November – 7th November)
Battle of Cambrai
This battle fought on the Western Front between British and French troops against Germany, resulted in gains for both sides but no overall victory.
1917 (7th December)
The United States declared war on Austria-Hungary.
1918
1918 (3rd March)
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
This treaty ended hostilities between Germany and Russia and took Russia out of the war.
1918 (1st April)
The British Royal Air Force was formed.
1918 (7th April – 29th April)
Battle of the Lys
This battle, fought on the Western Front between a combined British Empire, French, Belgian and Portuguese force against the German army, was a victory for Germany.
1918 (27th May – 6th June)
Third Battle of the Aisne
This battle, fought on the Western Front between British Empire, French and American troops against Germany, halted a German advance.
1918 (4th July)
Battle of Le Hamel
This battle, fought on the Western Front between the forces of Britain, Australia and the United States against Germany, was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (15th July – 6th August)
Second Battle of Marne
Fought on the Western Front between an allied force of British Empire, American, French and Italian forces against Germany, this battle was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (8th August – 11th August)
Battle of Amiens
Fought on the Western Front by British Empire, American and French forces against Germany, this battle was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (21st August – 23rd August)
Battle of Albert
This battle fought on the Western Front between British Empire troops against Germany was a prequel for the Second Battle of the Somme. The Germans were pushed back.
1918 (26th August – 3rd September)
Second Battle of the Somme
This battle, fought on the Western Front by the forces of the British Empire and the United States against Germany, was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (12th September – 15th September)
Battle of St Mihiel
Fought on the Western Front between the forces of France and the United States against German and Austro-Hungarian forces, this battle was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (26th September – 11th November)
Battle of Meuse-Argonne
This battle, fought on the Western Front between American and French forces against Germany, was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (27th September – 1st October)
Battle of Canal du Nord
This battle, fought on the Western Front between British, Canadian and New Zealand forces against the German army, was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (28th September)
Germany’s ally, Bulgaria, surrendered.
1918 (8th October – 10th October)
Second Battle of Cambrai
This battle, fought on the Western Front between British, Canadian and New Zealand forces against Germany, was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (24th October – 3rd November)
Battle of Vittorio Veneto
Fought on the Italian Front between a combined Italian, British, American and French force against Austria-Hungary, this battle was a victory for the Allies.
1918 (30th October)
Germany’s ally, Turkey, signed an armistice.
1918 (3rd November)
Germany’s ally, Austria-Hungary, signed an armistice.
1918 (9th November)
Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated the German throne.
1918 (11th November)
At 11am an armistice was signed that ended World War One.

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015 – 2019). World War One 1914 – 1918 Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/world-war-one-1914-1918 Last accessed December 7th, 2019