World War Two 1939 – 1945

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World War Two

 

This timeline details the main events of World War Two also known as the Second World War and the years immediately preceding the outbreak of war

 

1931
1931 (18th September)
Pacific
Japan invaded Manchuria
1935
1935 (25th October)
Europe
Germany and Italy signed a treaty of Mutual Assistance
1936
1936 (25th November)
Anti Comintern Pact signed by Germany and Japan
1937
1937 (7th July)
Pacific Japan invaded China
1938
1938 (11th March)
Europe German Anschluss with Austria. Hitler made the two German speaking nations one.
1938 (29th September)
Europe
Munich Agreement
This was an agreement by Hitler that if he was given the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia then he would not seek further land.
1939
1939 (14th March)
Europe
The Slovaks declared their independence and formed the Slovak Republic
1939 (7th April)
Europe
Italy invaded Albania
1939 (23rd August)
Europe
Germany and the Soviet Union signed a treaty which included a secret clause for the division of Poland.
1939 (25th August)
Europe
Britain and Poland signed a Mutual Assistance Treaty
1939 (1st September)
Europe
World War Two began when Germany invaded Poland in violation of the Munich Agreement
1939 (3rd September)
Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany
1939 (10th September)
Canada declared war on Germany
1939 (17th September)
Europe
The Soviet Union attacked and invaded eastern Poland
1939 (27th September)
Europe
Poland surrendered to Germany and the Soviet Union
1939 (29th September)
Europe
Germany and the Soviet Union divided Poland
1939 (8th November)
An assassination attempt on Hitler failed
1939 (30th November)
Europe
The Soviet Union invaded Finland
1939 (13th December)
South America
Battle of the River Plate
This was a naval battle between the German fleet and a combined British/New Zealand fleet in the southern Atlantic off Argentina. The battle was won by the allies.
1939 (14th December)
The Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations
1940
1940 (8th January)
Europe
Food rationing began in Britain
1940 (16th February)
Europe
The Altmark Incident
This was a naval skirmish off the Norwegian coast between the British and German fleets. It ended in victory for Britain.
1940 (17th February)
Europe
Evacuation of children began in Britain
1940 (12th March)
Europe
Soviet-Finnish war ended
1940 (9th April)
Europe
Germany invaded Denmark and Norway
1940 (16th March)
Europe
Germany bombed the Scapa Flow naval base
1940 (10th May)
Europe
Germany invaded Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg
1940 (10th May)
Europe
Winston Churchill became Prime Minister of Britain after Neville Chamberlain resigned. Chamberlain had been facing strong criticism for his handling of the war.
1940 (13th May)
Europe
Germany invaded France
1940 (14th May)
Europe
Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard) formed in Britain
1940 (15th May)
Europe
The Netherlands surrendered to Germany
1940 (26th May)
Europe
Dunkirk Evacuation
British and French troops pushed back by the Germans were trapped on the beach at Dunkirk. A call went out to all owners of sea-worthy vessels asking them to travel to Dunkirk and rescue troops off the beaches. Over ten days more than 338,000 men were rescued.
1940 (28th May)
Europe
Belgium surrendered to Germany
1940 (10th May)
Europe
Norway surrendered to Germany
1940 (10th June)
Europe
Italy declared war on Britain and France
1940 (14th June)
Europe
The Nazis entered Paris
1940 (16th June)
Europe
Marshal Petain became French Prime Minister
1940 (18th June)
Europe
The Soviet Union began occupying the Baltic States
1940 (21st June)
Europe
Italy invaded Southern France
1940 (22nd June)
Europe
France surrendered to Germany. Marshall Petain signed an armistice with Germany.
1940 (28th June)
Europe
General Charles de Gaulle was proclaimed leader of the Free French
1940 (1st July)
Europe
German U Boats began attacking merchant ships in the Atlantic
1940 (3rd July)
North Africa
Battle of Mers el Kebir
This was a naval attack on the French fleet stationed off the coast of Algeria. France was occupied by Nazi Germany and the French fleet off Algeria had refused to give up their ships to the British and so the British destroyed the ships to prevent them falling into German hands.
1940 (10th July)
Europe
Battle of Britain
Throughout July Luftwaffe bombers attacked British ports
1940 (23rd July)
Europe
The Soviet Union took control of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia
1940 (13th August)
Europe
Battle of Britain
Luftwaffe bombing attacks became concentrated on RAF airfields
1940 (15th August)
Europe
Battle of Britain
Luftwaffe began daylight raids over Britain
1940 (17th August)
Europe
Battle of Britain
Hitler attempted to blockade Britain
1940 (23rd August)
Europe
Battle of Britain
First raids on central London
1940 (25th August)
Europe
First British bombing raid on Berlin
1940 (3rd September)
Europe
Operation Sea Lion
Hitler drew up a plan to invade Britain
1940 (7th September)
Europe
The Blitz began
The city of London and other major cities were heavily bombed first during the daytime and later during the night as well.
1940 (13th September)
North Africa
Italy invaded British controlled Egypt
1940 (15th September)
Europe
The Blitz
German air raids struck London, Bristol, Cardiff, Manchester, Liverpool and Southampton.
1940 (22nd September)
Tripartite Pact
This was an agreement between Germany Italy and Japan
1940 (28th September)
Europe
Battle of Britain ended
1940 (7th October)
Europe
Germany invaded Romania
1940 (12th October)
Europe
Operation Sea Lion
Germany’s invasion of Britain postponed until 1941
1940 (28th October)
Europe
Italy invaded Greece
1940 (5th November)
Franklin Roosevelt was re-elected US President
1940 (11th November)
Mediterranean
Battle of Taranto
This was a naval battle between Britain and Italy fought in the Mediterranean Sea off Taranto, Italy. The battle was a decisive British victory.
1940 (14th November)
Europe
German bombing raid devastated much of the British city of Coventry
1940 (20th November)
Europe
Hungary joined the Axis Powers
1940 (23rd November)
Europe
Romania joined the Axis Powers
1940 (9th December)
North Africa
Operation Compass
Britain launched an offensive in North Africa against the Italians.
1940 (29th December)
Europe
Germany launched an air raid on London.
1941
1941 (January)
Europe
Clothes rationing began in Britain
1941 (22nd January)
North Africa
British and Australian forces captured Tobruk
1941 (11th February)
North Africa
British forces entered Italian held Somalia
1941 (12th February)
North Africa
German General Erwin Rommel arrived in Tripoli, Libya
1941 (14th February)
North Africa
German Afrika Korps began arriving in North Africa
1941 (7th March)
Europe
British forces reached Greece
1941 (11th March)
President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Lend-Lease Act which agreed that the United States would lend equipment and munitions to “the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States.”
1941 (27th March)
Mediterranean
Battle of Cape Matapan
This was a naval battle fought between the British and Italian fleets of Cape Matapan, Greece. It ended with victory for the British.
1941 (6th April)
Europe
Battle of Greece
Germany invaded Greece
1941 (6th April)
Europe
Germany invaded Yugoslavia
1941 (14th April)
North Africa
German General Erwin Rommel attacked Tobruk
1941 (17th April)
Europe
Yugoslavia surrendered to Germany
1941 (27th April)
Mediterranean
Battle of Greece
Greece surrendered to Germany
1941 (10th May)
Europe
The Blitz in Britain ended
1941 (10th May)
Europe
British bombing raid on Hamburg, Germany
1941 (15th May)
North Africa
Operation Brevity
British counter attack in Egypt
1941 (20th May)
Mediterranean
Battle of Crete
German forces invaded Crete
1941 (24th May)
Europe
Battle of the Denmark Strait
British naval ship The Hood sunk by the German ship The Bismark
1941 (27th May)
Europe
The British navy sank The Bismark
1941 (1st June)
Mediterranean
Battle of Crete
Germany took control of the Greek island of Crete
1941 (8th June)
Middle East
The allies invaded Syria and Lebanon
1941 (14th June)
The United States froze all German and Italian assets in America
1941 (22nd June)
Europe
Operation Barbarossa
Germany invaded Russia with 3 million soldiers and 3,500 tanks.
1941 (28th June)
Europe
The Germans took the city of Minsk in the Soviet Union
1941 (3rd July)
Europe
Stalin instructed his troops to use a scorched earth policy as they retreated. This involves burning everything including buildings and crops to leave the enemy with no supplies or shelter.
1941 (12th July)
Europe
Britain and the Soviet Union signed a Mutual Assistance Agreement
1941 (14th July)
Middle East
The British occupied Syria
1941 (26th July)
The United States froze Japanese assets in America.
1941 (14th August)
Atlantic Charter
Roosevelt and Churchill agreed a set of aims for World War Two. Although the United States still remained neutral the Charter clearly showed that America was on Churchill’s side.
1941 (8th September)
Europe
The siege of Leningrad began
German troops put the Russian city of Leningrad under siege.
1941 (19th September)
Europe
Germany invaded and took Kiev, Soviet Union
1941 (2nd October)
Europe
Operation Typhoon
The Germans launched their advance on Moscow.
1941 (16th October)
Europe
Germany took Odessa, Soviet Union
1941 (24th October)
Europe
Germany took Kharkov, Soviet Union
1941 (13th November)
Mediterranean
The British Aircraft Carrier, the Ark Royal, was sunk off Gibraltar by a German U Boat.
1941 (20th November)
Europe
Germany took Rostov, Soviet Union
1941 (27th November)
Europe
The Soviet Union re-took Rostov
1941 (5th December)
Europe
Operation Typhoon
Germany abandoned the attack on Moscow
1941 (6th December)
Europe
The Soviet Union launched a counter-offensive on German troops near to Moscow
1941 (7th December)
Pacific
Japan attacked the US Fleet at Pearl Harbor
1941 (8th December)
Britain and America declared war on Japan
1941 (8th December)
Pacific
Battle of Wake Island
The Japanese invaded Wake Island
1941 (8th December)
Pacific
Battle of Hong Kong
Japanese forces invaded British Hong Kong
1941 (8th December)
Pacific
Japan invaded Singapore and Thailand
1941 (9th December)
Pacific
China declared war on Japan
1941 (10th December)
Pacific
Japan invaded the Philippines
1941 (10th December)
Pacific
Japan took Guam
1941 (11th December)
Germany declared war on America
1941 (11th December)
Pacific
Japan invaded Burma
1941 (16th December)
North Africa
Rommel was forced to retreat in North Africa
1941 (16th December)
Pacific
Japan invaded British Borneo
1941 (19th December)
Europe
Hitler took charge of the German army
1941 (23rd December)
Pacific
American troops withdraw from Philippines to Bataan
1941 (23rd December)
Pacific
Battle of Wake Island
Japan took Wake Island
1941 (25th December)
Pacific
Admiral Chester Nimitz took control of the US Pacific Naval Fleet
1941 (25th December)
Pacific
Battle of Hong Kong
British Hong Kong surrendered to Japan
1942
1942 (1st January)
The United Nations Declaration was signed by 26 allied nations
1942 (2nd January)
Pacific
Manila, Philippines, taken by Japan
1942 (7th January)
Pacific
Battle of Bataan
Bataan, Philippines attacked by Japan
1942 (11th January)
Pacific
Dutch East Indies invaded by Japan
1942 (11th January)
Pacific
Dutch Borneo invaded by Japan
1942 (19th January)
Pacific
Japan took North Borneo
1942 (21st January)
North Africa
Rommel launched a counter-attack in North Africa
1942 (26th January)
Europe
American forces began to arrive in Britain
1942 (31st January)
Pacific
Battle of Singapore
Singapore was placed under siege by Japan
1942 (15th February)
Pacific
Battle of Singapore
Singapore surrendered to Japan
1942 (19th January)
Pacific
Japanese bombing raid on Darwin, Australia
1942 (22nd February)
Pacific
American troops withdraw from the Philippines
1942 (27th February)
Pacific
Battle of the Java Sea
This naval battle between Japan and United States lasted until March 1st and saw the Japanese victorious.
1942 (18th March)
Pacific
General MacArthur took charge of the War in the Pacific
1942 (24th March)
Pacific
Japan invaded the Andaman Islands
1942 (3rd April)
Pacific
Japan attacked US and Filipino troops at Bataan
1942 (6th April)
Pacific
First US troops arrived in Australia
1942 (9th April)
Pacific
Battle of Bataan
US troops on Bataan surrendered to Japan
1942 (10th April)
Pacific
Bataan Death March began
Around 75,000 allied troops captured in Bataan were forced to walk 65 miles to a prison camp. They were split into groups of 100 men to make the 5 day march. They were given very little food or water and those that fell behind were whipped or bayonetted. Thousands died along the route.
1942 (29th April)
Pacific
Japan took Central Burma
1942 (1st May)
Pacific
Japan took Mandalay, Burma
1942 (4th May)
Pacific
Battle of the Coral Sea
This naval/air battle fought over 4 days was a victory for America
1942 (5th May)
Pacific
Battle of Corregidor
This battle was fought between Japanese and US troops for control of the Philippines. It ended with Japan taking the Philippines the following day.
1942 (8th May)
Europe
Germany launched a new offensive in the Crimea
1942 (20th May)
Pacific
Japan took Burma
1942 (26th May)
North Africa
Battle of Gazala
This battle was fought in North Africa between British forces and German and Italian forces at Gazala near Tobruk, Libya
1942 (27th May)
Europe
Reinhard Heydrich, architect of the Holocaust Final Solution was mortally injured when a grenade was exploded under his car.
1942 (30th May)
Europe
British bombing raid on Cologne, Germany
1942 (4th June)
Europe
Reinhard Heydrich died of injuries sustained on 27th May.
1942 (4th June)
Pacific
Battle of Midway
This three day naval battle was a decisive victory for the US navy against the Japanese fleet
1942 (5th June)
Europe
The Nazis ordered the town of Lidice liquidated as punishment for Heydrich’s assassination.
1942 (21st June)
North Africa
Battle of Gazala
This battle ended when German General Erwin Rommel captured the city of Tobruk.
1942 (30th June)
North Africa
German General Erwin Rommel reached El Alamein, near Cairo, Egypt
1942 (1st July)
North Africa
First Battle of El Alamein
This battle for control of El Alamein lasted 27 days and ended in stalemate
1942 (3rd July)
Europe
Germany took Sevastopol, Soviet Union
1942 (9th July)
Europe
Germany began an advance towards Stalingrad, Soviet Union
1942 (21st July)
Pacific
Japan invaded New Guinea
1942 (7th August)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
US troops landed on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
1942 (7th August)
North Africa
General Bernard Montgomery took control of British forces in North Africa.
1942 (8th August)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
US troops captured the Japanese airfield on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
1942 (8th August)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
During the night Japanese warships make a night attack on the US fleet off Guadalcanal. The US navy suffered a heavy defeat with the loss of many ships which left troops on Guadalcanal stranded.
1942 (9th August)
Mediterranean
Operation Pedestal, Relief of Malta
This was a battle to break the siege of Malta by German ships. The six day battle ended in victory for the allies
1942 (19th August)
Europe
Battle of Dieppe, Dieppe Raid
This battle was an attempt by the allies to take control of the French port of Dieppe from the Germans. The allies failed and the battle ended in victory for Germany
1942 (21st August)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
US forces attacked by Japanese but hold their ground
1942 (23rd August)
Europe
Battle of Stalingrad
Germany began the battle by launching a bombing raid on Stalingrad
1942 (24th August)
Pacific
Battle of the Eastern Solomons
Japanese defeated by US navy
1942 (25th August)
Pacific
Battle of Milne Bay
A Japanese force attacked the allied airfield at Milne Bay. A combined American/Australian force successfully defeated the Japanese.
1942 (30th August)
Pacific
US troops invaded the Aleutian Islands
1942 (2nd September)
North Africa
Battle of Alam Halfa
Mongomery successfully pushed back German forces
1942 (12th September)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
Battle of Bloody Ridge also known as the Battle of Edison’s Ridge – this two day battle was a victory for the allies
1942 (27th September)
Pacific
British launch a new offensive in Burma
1942 (11th October)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
Battle of Cape Esperance – This naval battle between US and Japan saw the US victorious
1942 (13th October)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
A US relieving force landed on Guadalcanal
1942 (14th October)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
Japanese launched a naval bombardment of the airfield on Guadalcanal. The attack lasted 3 days and nights
1942 (23rd October)
North Africa
Second Battle of El Alamein
Allies defeated Axis Powers in a battle which lasted 13 days
1942 (26th October)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
Battle of Santa Cruz
Although this naval battle was inconclusive, tactically it ended in America’s favour since Japanese ships had been turned away from Guadalcanal.
1942 (8th November)
North Africa
Operation Torch
United States invasion of North Africa began. American forces commanded by General Dwight Eisenhower landed in NW Africa and took control of French Morocco and Algeria.
1942 (11th November)
Europe
A German and Italian force invaded unoccupied Vichy France
1942 (19th November)
Europe
Battle of Stalingrad
The Soviet Union launched a counter-offensive
1942 (23rd November)
Pacific
Japanese bombing raid on Darwin, Australia
1942 (30th November)
Pacific
Guadalcanal
Battle of Tassafaronga
This naval battle was a victory for Japan
1942 (20th December)
Pacific
Japanese bombing raid on Calcutta, India
1942 (31st December)
Europe
Battle of the Barents Sea
This naval battle between German and British was a victory for the British
1943
1943 (2nd January)
Europe
German troops began retreating from the Caucasus
1943 (10th January)
Europe
Battle of Stalingrad
The Soviet Union launched a new counter-offensive
1943 (14th January)
Casablanca Conference
This ten day meeting between Churchill and Roosevelt discussed war aims and outcomes. It was decided that the war could only end with a German unconditional surrender.
1943 (22nd January)
Pacific
Japanese defeated in New Guinea
1943 (23rd January)
North Africa
British troops took Tripoli, Libya
1943 (1st February)
Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
Japanese evacuate Guadalcanal.
1943 (2nd February)
Europe
Battle of Stalingrad
German troops surrendered
1943 (8th February)
Europe
The Soviet Union took Kursk
1943 (8th February)
Pacific
British/Indian offensive on Burma
1943 (14th February)
Europe
Battle of Kasserine Pass
This battle between United States and Germany saw the Americans pushed back and Germany victorious
1943 (19th February)
Europe
The Third Battle of Kharkov
Soviet Union launched an offensive to reclaim Kharkov.
1943 (2nd March)
North Africa
Germany began to retreat from Tunisia, North Africa
1943 (2nd March)
Pacific
Battle of Bismarck Sea
This two day naval battle saw the US victorious over Japan
1943 (15th March)
Europe
Third Battle of Kharkov
German forces re-took Kharkov
1943 (7th May)
North Africa
The allies took Tunisia
1943 (13th May)
North Africa
North Africa – allies defeated axis forces
1943 (16th May)
Europe
British bombing raid on the industrial Ruhr region in Germany
1943 (17th May)
Europe
Operation Chastise – Dambuster Raids
This was a British attack by 617 squadron using a ‘bouncing bomb’ developed by Wallis Barnes, to break three dams in the Rhur region of Germany causing flooding which would disrupt German industrial production.
1943 (31st May)
Pacific
US forces take Aleutian Islands
1943 (5th July)
Europe
Germany launched a new offensive on Kursk
1943 (10th July)
Europe
Allies invaded Sicily
1943 (12th July)
Europe
Battle of Kursk
the largest tank battle ever
1943 (24th July)
Europe
Operation Gomorrah
British bombing raid on Hamburg, Germany
1943 (6th August)
Pacific
Battle of Vella Gulf, Solomon Islands
This naval battle fought over two days was a victory for the US over Japan
1943 (17th August)
Europe
Sicily fell to the allies.
1943 (23rd August)
Europe
Battle of Kharkov
Soviet troops re-took Kharkov
1943 (8th September)
Europe
Italy surrendered. Following Mussolini’s removal from the government of Italy, the new government surrendered and agreed to join the allies.
1943 (11th September)
Europe
German troops occupied Rome
1943 (12th September)
Europe
Mussolini was freed by the Germans who set him up as head of a puppet government in Northern Italy
1943 (2nd November)
Pacific
Battle of Empress Augusta Bay
This naval battle fought off New Guinea was a decisive US victory
1943 (13th October)
Europe
Italy declared war on Germany
1943 (6th November)
Europe
Soviet troops re-took Kiev, Soviet Union
1943 (18th November)
Europe
British bombing raid on Berlin
1943 (20th November)
Pacific
Battle of Tarawa & Battle of Makin
US troops invaded the Gilbert Islands and took them three days later
1943 (28th November)
Tehran Conference
Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin met to discuss the end of the war settlement
1943 (24th December)
Europe
Soviet offensive in Ukraine
1943 (26th December)
Pacific
Allies invade the Solomon Islands
1944
1944 (6th January)
Europe
Soviet troops advanced into Poland
1944 (22nd January)
Europe
Battle of Anzio
This was a six month battle (ending on 5th June) fought between British, American and Canadian allied troops and German and Italian troops. It ended with an allied victory that enabled the allies to gain a foothold in Southern Italy.
1944 (29th January)
Europe
The siege of Leningrad ended. It had lasted 900 days.
1944 (31st January)
Pacific
US troops invaded the Marshall Islands
1944 (15th February)
Europe
Battle of Monte Cassino (Battle of Rome)
This was the first assault on the German line preventing the allies advance on Rome
1944 (15th March)
Europe
Battle of Monte Cassino (Battle of Rome)
This was the second of four assaults to break the German line preventing advance on Rome.
1944 (18th March)
Europe
British bombing raid on Hamburg
1944 (8th April)
Europe
Soviet Union launched an offensive to retake the Crimea
1944 (9th May)
Europe
Soviet troops re-took Sevastopol
1944 (11th May)
Europe
Battle of Monte Cassino (Battle of Rome)
This was the third of four assaults to break the German line preventing advance on Rome.
1944 (12th May)
Europe
German forces in the Crimea surrendered.
1944 (5th June)
Europe
Battle of Monte Cassino (Battle of Rome)
This fourth attempt to break the German line preventing advance on Rome was successful and the allies entered Rome
1944 (6th June)
Europe
D-Day Landings
Allied forces invaded Normandy. Thousands of transports carried an invasion force commanded by General Eisenhower to the beaches at Normandy. British forces landed on Gold and Sword beaches, Canadian forces landed on Juno beach and American forces landed on Omaha and Utah beaches.
1944 (9th June)
Europe
Soviet offensive against Finland began
1944 (27th June)
Europe
US troops liberated Cherbourg, France
1944 (9th July)
Europe
British and Canadian troops liberated Caen, France
1944 (July)
Pacific
The Japanese were pushed out of Burma by British forces led by General Slim supported by Chindits led by Orde Wingate
1944 (19th July)
Pacific
US troops invaded Guam
1944 (20th July)
Europe
July Bomb Plot
This plot organised by Colonel Stauffenbergfailed to assassinate Hitler
1944 (27th July)
Pacific
US troops took Guam
1944 (28th July)
Europe
Soviet forces took Brest-Litovsk, Soviet Union
1944 (8th August)
Pacific
US troops took the Mariana Islands
1944 (15th August)
Europe
Operation Dragoon
An allied invasion of Southern France began
1944 (25th August)
Europe
Paris, the French capital, was liberated
1944 (31st August)
Europe
Soviet troops took Bucharest, Romania
1944 (4th September)
Europe
The allied advance reached Belgium
1944 (4th September)
Europe
The Soviet Union and Finland agreed a cease fire
1944 (8th September)
Europe
The first V2 flying bombs killed three people in London
1944 (17th September)
Europe
Operation Market Garden
Allied airborne assault on the Netherlands began
1944 (25th September)
Europe
Battle of Arnhem
allies defeated by Germany
1944 (26th September)
Europe
Soviet troops took and occupied Estonia
1944 (11th October)
Pacific
US bombing raid on Okinawa
1944 (14th October)
Europe
Allied troops liberated Athens, Greece
1944 (14th October)
North Africa
German General Erwin Rommel committed suicide
1944 (19th October)
Europe
Soviet troops occupied Latvia
1944 (23rd October)
Pacific
Battle of Leyte Gulf
This decisive naval battle between the US fleet and Japanese fleet was a decisive victory for the allies
1944 (25th October)
Pacific
First Kamikaze attacks by Japanese
1944 (11th November)
Pacific
US naval bombardment of Iwo Jima
1944 (24th November)
Europe
French troops captured Strasbourg
1944 (4th December)
Europe
Civil War broke out in Greece
1944 (16th December)
Europe
Battle of the Bulge
Ardennes offensive began – Germany launched a final offensive to try to stop the allies advance through the Ardennes region of Belgium. The Germans were eventually forced to retreat.
1944 (27th December)
Europe
Soviet troops reached Budapest and put the city under siege.
1945
1945 (17th January)
Europe
Germany defeated in the Ardennes
1945 (17th January)
Europe
Soviet troops took Warsaw, Poland.
1945 (3rd February)
Pacific
US troops attack Japanese held Manila
1945 (4th February)
Yalta Conference
Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin met for a week to discuss terms for the end of the war
1945 (13th February)
Europe
British bombing raid on Dresden
1945 (16th February)
Pacific
US troops took Bataan
1945 (19th February)
Pacific
Battle of Iwo Jima
US troops invaded this strategically placed Japanese controlled island.
1945 (3rd March)
Pacific
US troops took Manila
1945 (7th March)
Europe
The allies managed to cross the River Rhine at Remagen
1945 (9th March)
Pacific
US bombing raid on Tokyo, Japan
1945 (20th March)
Pacific
British troops took Mandalay, Burma
1945 (26th March)
Pacific
Battle of Iwo Jima
US troops took Iwo Jima
1945 (30th March)
Europe
Soviet troops took Danzig, Poland
1945 (1st April)
Pacific
Battle of Okinawa
US troops invaded the Japanese island of Okinawa
1945 (12th April)
President Roosevelt died. He was succeeded by President Truman
1945 (18th April)
Europe
German troops in the Ruhr surrendered
1945 (21st April)
Europe
Soviet troops reached the outskirts of Berlin
1945 (28th April)
Europe
Italian partisans captured Mussolini and executed him.
1945 (30th April)
Europe
Adolf HItler committed suicide in his Berlin bunker. His mistress Eva Braun also committed suicide.
1945 (2nd May)
Europe
Soviet forces reached Berlin
1945 (2nd May)
Europe
German forces in Italy surrendered to the allies.
1945 (4th May)
Europe
Admiral Donitz succeeded Hitler as leader of Germany. He tried to negotiate an agreement with the Western allies whereby Germany would surrender to the Western allies but would continue to fight the Soviet Union. The agreement was denied.
1945 (7th May)
Europe
Admiral Donitz agreed Germany’s unconditional surrender.
1945 (8th May)
Europe
VE (Victory in Europe) day
1945 (20th May)
Pacific
Japanese began withdrawing from China
1945 (5th June)
Europe
As agreed at the Yalta Conference, the allies divided Germany and Berlin into sectors
1945 (22nd June)
Pacific
Battle of Okinawa
The island fell to the allies
1945 (28th June)
Pacific
The Philippines fell to the allies
1945 (16th July)
Potsdam Conference
Churchill, Stalin and Truman met to discuss the end of the war
1945 (16th July)
First atomic bomb is tested
1945 (26th July)
British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, who had led the country through the war, lost the General Election to the Labour Party and Clement Atlee became Prime Minister.
1945 (6th August)
Pacific
First atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan
1945 (8th August)
Pacific
Russia declared war on Japan and invaded Manchuria
1945 (9th August)
Pacific
Second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
1945 (14th August)
Pacific
Japan surrendered unconditionally
1945 (30th August)
Pacific
British re-occupied Hong Kong
1945 (2nd September)
Pacific
VJ (Victory in Japan) day
US General Douglas MacArthur accepted Japan’s unconditional surrender

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). World War Two 1939 – 1945. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/world-war-two-1939-1945 Last accessed January 21st, 2019

 

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